Pesticides (trade) – refer to insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, disinfectants and others covered by the Harmonised Coding System (HS) code 3808. Data refer to the value of the trade expressed in 1000 USD and quantity in net weight expressed in kilograms. Data are available from 1961 to 2011. Figures relating to 2012 are also available whenever the countries provided this information; however world, continental and regional aggregates are not complete and therefore not available for 2012.
Source – the primary source is the UN COMTRADE database supplemented by data from national statistical authorities. Missing data relating to total Pesticides have been estimated taking into account the trade statistics of trading partners or by calculating the average of the previous three years.
Codes and Description of Elements
Differences between figures given for total exports and total imports of any one commodity may be due to several factors, e.g. the time lag between the dispatch of goods from the exporting country and their arrival in the importing country; the use of a different classification of the same product by different countries; or the fact that some countries supply data on general trade while others give data on special trade.
Trade in Rotterdam Convention Pesticides
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in International Trade: The Convention was initiated by FAO and UNEP in 1989 and entered into force on 24 February 2004. The Convention establishes a legally binding obligation to enable countries to decide which potentially hazardous chemicals they want to import /export and to exclude those they cannot manage safely. As of 23 December 2013 there are 154 parties to the Rotterdam Convention.
In view of the Rotterdam Convention the FAO Statistics Division is starting with the year 2007, to monitor and identify into FAOSTAT database the trade in pesticides (excluding industrial chemicals) that have been banned or severely restricted for health or environmental reasons. The database covers two types of information: (a) Mixtures, Preparations containing Substance in value (1000 USD); (b) Pure Substance in quantity (NetWeight (kg)) and value (1000 USD). Please note that the extraction made on “Pure Substance” is not meant to sum up to “Hazardous pesticides” Mixtures/Preparation. Data are available where reported by the countries.
Annex III to the Rotterdam Convention currently contains 40 chemicals (pesticides and industrial chemicals, including all forms of asbestos except chrysotile. Annex III and Decision Guidance Documents on each chemical subject to the PIC procedure can be accessed in: http://www.pic.int/home.php?type=t&id=29&sid=30
For more information please visit: http://www.pic.int/
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