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Updated: 12 August 2014

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Land country notes external only


American Samoa:
Due to the use of different data sources and overlaps in definitions and classifications, the sum of individual land use category data may exceed "total land area". Examples of such instances include forest and agriculture land with tree cover - such as rubber plantations, permanent tree crops, range land and agro-forestry and shifting cultivation areas.

"Agricultural area" refers to total area of all agricultural establishments (farms); "Temporary crops" refers to all crops both temporary and permanent.

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About the Land Use module

Land-use statistics

Data on agricultural land-use are valuable for conducting studies on a various perspectives concerning agricultural production, food security and for deriving cropping intensity among others uses. Indicators derived from the land-use categories can also elucidate the environmental sustainability of countries’ agricultural practices. FAOSTAT Land-use statistics contain a wide range of information on variables that are significant for: understanding the structure of a country’s agricultural sector; making economic plans and policies for food security; deriving environmental indicators, including those related to investment in agriculture and data on gross crop area and net crop area which are useful for policy formulation and monitoring.

Land-use Inputs sub-domain covers:

Country area (including area under inland water bodies), Land area (excluding area under inland water bodies), Agricultural area, Arable land and Permanent crops, Arable land, Permanent crops, Permanent meadows and pastures, Forest area, Inland water, Other land and Area equipped for irrigation. Data are available from 1961 onwards for more than 200 countries and areas. Detailed data for sub-categories are also available (starting year 2001): Temporary crops, Temporary meadows and pastures, Fallow land (temporary: less than 5 years), Permanent meadows and pastures cultivated and naturally growing as well as Organic land (starting year 2004)and Area of arable land and permanent crops under protective cover (starting year 2007).

Forest area: Global Forest Resource Assessment 2010 (FRA 2010) is the main source of forest area data in FAOSTAT. Data were provided by countries for years 1990, 2000, 2005 and 2010. Data for intermediate years were estimated for FAO using linear interpolation and tabulation.


The annual FAO land use and irrigation questionnaire is the primary source of country land-use data. The data collected from the questionnaires are from official national sources. Starting from 2001, the land-use questionnaire was revised in order to obtain further information on the land-use sub-categories as well as areas that are actually irrigated. Starting in 2010, the FAO Statistics Division Land use and irrigation questionnaire includes items on land used for organic production and land in conversion to organic production. The new items are: agricultural area certified organic, agricultural area in conversion to organic, arable area organic, arable area in conversion to organic, permanent crops area organic, permanent crops in conversion to organic, permanent meadows and pastures area organic and permanent meadows and pastures in conversion to organic. If official data about Organic land have not been provided, the information has been supplemented by other sources such as the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL and the Mediterranean Organic Agriculture Network, MOAN. In Annual questionnaire 2013, it was introduced the data collection on Area of arable land and permanent crops under protective cover.

Secondary sources

The data collected from official national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. The secondary sources cover: official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations.

General disclaimer

The designations employed and the presentation of materials in FAOSTAT do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or its authorities, or concerning the delimination of its frontiers or boundaries.

Where the designation "country" or "area" appears on this internet site, it covers countries, territories or areas.

The data of the FAOSTAT database shown on this internet site are copyrighted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and are provided for your internal use only. They may not be re-disseminated in any form without written permission of the FAO Statistics Division.

All references to FAOSTAT data will have to be mentioned with the proper URL and the access date.