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FAO/29 May 2011, Betroka Region, Southern Madagascar - An FAO-contracted helicopter spraying pesticide over a swarm of locusts.

Agri-environmental indicators (AEI) are indicators able to describe and assess state and trends in the environmental performance of agriculture to furnish useful indications to scientists and policymakers about the state of the environment, about the effects of different policies, as well as about the efficiency in the use of budgets in terms of environmental outcomes.

AEIs have ideally to be robust, timely, simple, and relevant to the different stakeholders involved in agriculture. The most used indicator framework subdivides AEIs according to five categories within the Driving force-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) model developed by the European Environment Agency (EEA 1999) and built upon the PSR model (OECD 1993).

The Agri-Environmental Indicators dataset available within FAOSTAT has been produced in line with the Agri-Environmental Indicators frameworks developed by OECD and EUROSTAT in the last 20 years. Each indicator is described by different data series.


About Environment

The following table outlines the Agri-Environmental Indicators available within FAOSTAT.

Domain Sub-domain Indicator
Air & Climate Change Ammonia emissions Ammonia (NH3) emissions from agriculture as a % of total NH3 emissions
Energy Energy use in Agriculture and Forestry Agriculture and forestry energy use as a % of total energy use
Bioenergy production Bioenergy production as a % of total renewable energy production
Fertilizers Consumption Nitrogen Consumption Nitrogen nutrient use on arable and permanent crop area (N tonnes/1000 ha)
Phosphate Consumption Phosphate nutrient use on arable and permanent crop area (P205 tonnes/1000 ha)
Nitrogen and Phosphate Nitrogen and Phosphate nutrient use on arable and permanent crop area (N+P205 tonnes/1000 ha)
Land Agricultural area Agricultural area as a % of land area
Agricultural area use change Changes in agricultural area (% per year)
Area equipped for irrigation Area equipped for irrigation as a % of agricultural area
Conservation agriculture Conservation agriculture area (>30% group cover) as a % of agricultural area
Cropping patterns Permanent crops area as a % of agricultural area
Permanent meadows and pastures area as a % of agricultural area
Arable land area as a % of agricultural area
Organic agricultural area Organic area as a % of agricultural area
Protected land area Protected terrestrial area as a % of land area
Livestock Livestock Density Livestock total per hectare of agricultural area (livestock total number/ha)
Cattle and Buffalo Cattle and Buffalo as a % of total livestock
Pigs Pigs as a % of total livestock
Sheep and goats Sheep and goats as a % of total livestock
Poultry birds Poultry birds as a % of total livestock
Pesticides Pesticides Use Pesticide use on arable and permanent crop area (tonnes/1000 ha)
Soil Soil Erosion - GLASOD Average soil erosion expressed in GLASOD erosion degree
Land degradation - GLASOD Average land degradation expressed in GLASOD erosion degree
Carbon in topsoil Average carbon content in the topsoil as a % in weight
Water Water use in agriculture Water withdrawal for agricultural use as a % of total water withdrawal